Division of Labor

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Division of labor is a form of specialization in which production is divided into several separate tasks, each performed by one person. It is an important characteristic of the ideal rational organizational form introduced by Max Weber, the bureaucracy. (The other two characteristics were specialization and a hierarchical organizational design). According to Weber's design, knowledge of each worker's "sphere of competence," and the authority to perform individual tasks without overlapping with others, is inherent.

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